July 13 (UPI) — On this date in history:
In 1863, opposition to the Federal Conscription Act triggered New York City riots in which at least 120 people died and hundreds were injured.
In 1898, Guglielmo Marconi was awarded a patent for wireless telegraphy — the radio.
In 1943, one of the largest tank battle in history — which happened as part of the Battle of Kursk — ended along the Eastern Front in the Soviet Union when German dictator Adolf Hitler redeployed his troops to the south.
In 1960, Democrats nominated Sen. John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts for president against GOP Vice President Richard Nixon.
In 1977, a state of emergency was declared in New York City during a 25-hour power blackout.
In 1985, musicians and celebrities gathered at arenas around the world to hold a 16-hour Live Aid concert, raising more than $ 125 million in famine relief for Africa.
In 1992, Yitzhak Rabin became Israel’s new prime minister, ending the hard-line Likud Party’s 15-year reign. Rabin embraced Israeli-Palestinian relations and helped establish peace between Palestinians and Jordanians. He faced criticism for his views and in 1995 was assassinated.
In 1998, Japanese Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto resigned, a victim of the country’s economic woes.
In 2005, a judge in New York sentenced former WorldCom Chief Executive Officer Bernard Ebbers to 25 years in prison for his part in what was described as the largest fraud in U.S. corporate history.
In 2008, the U.S. Treasury Department announced a plan to save major government-backed mortgage companies known as Fannie Mac and Freddie Mac with billions of dollars in investments and loans.
In 2013, neighborhood watch volunteer George Zimmerman was acquitted in the 2012 shooting death of unarmed black teenager Trayvon Martin in a gated community in Florida. The case provoked a national debate on “stand your ground” laws and racial profiling.
In 2018, at least 150 people died in two attacks on crowds attending political rallies in Baluchistan province, Pakistan. The Islamic State claimed responsibility.