Sarah Onyango Obama, Ex-President’s Stepgrandmother, Dies at 99

2 weeks ago
11 Views

Known widely among Kenyans as Mama Sarah, Ms. Obama was seen as the matriarch of Barack Obama’s extended family in Africa.

Sarah Onyango Obama, the stepgrandmother of former President Barack Obama who grew up without formal education in rural Kenya and devoted many of her later years to philanthropic efforts to help young Kenyans find places in school, died on Monday in Kisumu, a city in the western part of the country. She was 99.

The office of the Kenyan presidency confirmed her death, in a hospital, but did not specify the cause.

Known widely among Kenyans as Mama Sarah, Ms. Obama was seen as the matriarch of Mr. Obama’s sprawling and sometimes fractious extended family in Africa.

She traveled to Washington in early 2009 to attend his inauguration as America’s first Black president, but the two were separated not only by geography but also by divergent eras, lives and ways. At the inauguration, she presented him with an oxtail fly whisk, an emblem of power in Kenya. She spoke Luo, the tongue of her ethnic group, and some Swahili, and used an interpreter to translate her thoughts into English for the president.

There was some debate as to how often Mr. Obama interacted with his stepgrandmother, whom he referred to as Granny, according to his 1995 memoir, “Dreams From My Father.” Some members of his family said that he had neglected her, along with his other family members in Kenya.

She was the second or third wife of Mr. Obama’s grandfather Hussein Onyango Obama, who traced his polygamy to his ancestry and Muslim faith. His son, Barack Obama Sr., the president’s father, spent his early years under Ms. Obama’s tutelage.

Barack Sr. went on to attend the University of Hawaii, where he met Stanley Ann Dunham, the former president’s mother. They married in 1961 and divorced three years later. Barack Sr. received a master’s degree in economics at Harvard before returning to Kenya. Mr. Obama met his father only once after that, when he was 10 years old.

During Mr. Obama’s second term, his half brother, Mark Okoth Obama Ndesandjo, told The New York Times that the president was “almost trying to leave behind the family that he so passionately engaged in those early years as he moves through the presidency.”

Specifically, he said Mr. Obama had not called his stepgrandmother “for a number of years” although she was “the oldest member of our family and may leave us any day.”

Ms. Obama with Barack Obama, her stepgrandson, in Kenya in 2006.
Simon Maina/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

That was not the impression that Ms. Obama gave. Before the 2008 elections that sent Mr. Obama to the White House, journalists flocked to the village of Kogelo, in western Kenya, where she lived. Some noted that she did not have running water or electricity, although she seemed better off than most people in the village. Her home had a tin roof, rather than thatch, and she had a cellphone that she charged with a solar panel.

In 2014, during another reporter’s visit, she gestured to a recently installed electric power supply as well as paved roads and running drinking water, attributing the improvements to her stepgrandson’s presidency. (The enhancements, perhaps coincidentally, were precisely those she listed as her wishes in 2008 in an interview with Time magazine.)

Mr. Obama was also said to have telephoned and, through an interpreter, wished her a happy new year. “He is still very central to my life today,” she said in 2014.

In a statement released on Monday, Mr. Obama wrote:

“Although not his birth mother, Granny would raise my father as her own, and it was in part thanks to her love and encouragement that he was able to defy the odds and do well enough in school to get a scholarship to attend an American university.”

He added, “When I first traveled to Kenya to learn more about my heritage and father, who had passed away by then, it was Granny who served as a bridge to the past, and it was her stories that helped fill a void in my heart.”

Sarah Onyango Obama was born in 1920 or 1921, in an era when British colonial records were patchy at best. She had said that she did not know the date or place of her birth.

Her husband, Hussein Onyango Obama, was a British officer’s cook during World War II and was deployed to Burma, as Myanmar was then called.

The older Mr. Obama influenced his grandson’s quest for self-discovery, as portrayed in “Dreams From My Father.”

When he visited Kenya in the 1980s, Barack Obama was told by family members that his grandfather, like many of his compatriots, had turned against the British colonists after World War II and was tortured by them. That account of abuse was challenged in “Barack Obama: The Story” (2012), by the Washington Post journalist David Maraniss, but it was nonetheless deeply woven into the family narrative.

Hussein Onyango Obama was reputed to have been the first person in the area around Kogelo to have worn Western clothes, and he initially adopted Roman Catholicism before converting to Islam, when he married a woman from the largely Muslim island of Zanzibar. His son, Barack Sr., was raised as a Christian.

Into her 80s, though, Ms. Obama remained committed to Islam, rising at 5 a.m. to pray.

But she defended her stepgrandson when, as a presidential candidate, he was accused by his adversaries of being a Muslim who had not been born in the United States. “Untruths are told that don’t have anything to do with what Barack is about,” she was quoted as saying in 2008 by The Associated Press. “I am very against it.”

“In the world of today, children have different religions from their parents,” she said.

Ben Curtis/Associated Press

Her family ties to her stepgrandson brought other challenges and suspicions, voiced by reporters who visited her, that members of her family were trying to draw benefit from presidential celebrity through books and foundations.

A year after the president’s inauguration, Ms. Obama created her own foundation — the Mama Sarah Obama Foundation — to raise funds to build an educational campus in her village and to sponsor scholarships for young Kenyans, particularly girls, who would otherwise be denied schooling.

“I help the orphans and widows, especially the young girls who have been orphaned by their parents dying of H.I.V.,” she told NPR through a translator in 2014, when she won an Education Pioneer award at the United Nations. “I am their sole parent right now, so I help pay school fees and also get them the things they need, like sanitary towels, books, necessities like a pencil, school uniforms. That’s what I do.”

But there were risks in her ties to the president as well. After the killing of Osama bin Laden by Navy SEALs in 2011, ordered by Mr. Obama, the Kenyan police tightened security in her village for fear of reprisals from a local affiliate of Al Qaeda. Even after Mr. Obama left office in 2017, those precautions were maintained.

Mr. Obama’s own security arrangements prevented him from visiting the ancestral village.

When the president made an official visit to Kenya in 2015 — the first sitting American president to do so — his African relatives had to meet him in the capital, Nairobi. About three dozen members of his extended family, including his stepgrandmother, joined him at his hotel for dinner around long banquet tables.

During that trip Mr. Obama spoke at an indoor arena, where he was introduced by his half sister Auma Obama, who had met him during his first visit to Kenya three decades earlier. She told the audience that a Kenyan had said to Mr. Obama, “Don’t get lost,” but that there was no way he would.

“I’ll tell you that because he was with me — he fit right in,” she said.

“He’s not just our familia,” she added. “He gets us. He gets us.”

Abdi Latif Dahir contributed reporting.

Let’s block ads! (Why?)

NYT > World > Africa

Comments

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Translate »